Calendar Of April 1999

The H2G2 Calendar – 10 – October

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April  Printable Monthly Calendar with Notes
April Printable Monthly Calendar with Notes

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1908 – The first Ford Model T rolls off the production line and starts off a new way of mass-producing cars that would make motoring affordable to the general public.

1943 – US singer and songwriter Jim Croce, best known for the song ‘Bad, Bad Leroy Brown’, is born as the eldest son of an Italian family.

1957 – The tranquiliser Thalidomide is first marketed, which leads to birth defects in thousands of children worldwide.

1958 – The NASA is created.

1969 – The Beatles’ 11th and penultimate album Abbey Road is released in the USA.

1982 – Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as chancellor of Germany.

1982 – Sony launches the first consumer compact disc player (model CDP-101).


1452 – King Richard III of England is born (d. 1485).

1869 – On this day, Mahatma Gandhi, Pacifist and Political Activist, is born.

1889 – In Colorado, USA, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich during the last great silver boom of the Old West, leaving the legacy of the town of Creede.

1890 – Julius Henry Marx – AKA Groucho Marx – is born.

1950 – The Peanuts comic strip has its very first appearance in a couple of newspapers.


610 – Future Emperor Heraclius and his fleet arrive at Byzantium.

1778 – British captain James Cook anchors in Alaska.

1896 – William Morris, the English designer, writer, poet and politician, dies (b. 1834).

1941 – Singer Chubby Checker is born as Ernest Evans in Spring Gulley, South Carolina.

1993 – During a military mission, the ‘Black Hawk’ helicopters crash in Mogadishu, Somalia.

2005 – Famous British comedian Ronald William George Barker, or Ronnie Barker for short, dies.


1777 – During the American Revolutionary War, the Battle of Germantown begins on this day in Pennsylvania.

1830 – Belgium is created with its separation from The Netherlands.

1930 – The British Imperial Ai… R101 crashes over Beauvais, France, effectively ending the British airship development.

1957 – Earth’s first artificial satellite Sputnik is lauched.

1975 – A Cessna 310Q airplane crashes over Wilmington, North Carolina, USA, killing the pilot and severely injuring several pro-wrestlers.


1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day was skipped in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.

1914 – World War I witnesses the first aerial combat to result in a kill.

1918 – Tennis player and aviation pioneer Roland Garros dies in an air crash when he is shot down at Vouziers, Ardennes during WWI.

1962 – The Beatles’ first single ‘Love me do’ is released.

1969 – Monty Python’s first episode is aired on British television.

1999 – 31 people lose their lives and more than 500 are injured in a London rail disaster when a three carriage diesel service travelling from London Paddington to Bedwyn and a high speed train travelling from Cheltenham Spa to London Paddington collide on the Ladbroke Grove points crossing.


1600 – Jacopo Peri’s Euridice, the earliest surviving opera, premieres in Florence, signifying the beginning of the Baroque period.

1889 – Thomas Edison shows his first motion picture.

1893 – Indian physicist Meghnad Saha is born in the village of Seoratali, near Dhaka in Bangladesh.

1914 – Ethnologist Thor Heyerdahl is born in Larvik, Norway.

1969 – Protests against the war in Vietnam escalate into the ‘Days of Rage’.

1976 – All of the Cuban national fencing team die in an air crash, when bombs explode aboard their Cuban Airlines DC-8.

1993 – Aviation legend ‘Lawn Chair’ Larry … commits suicide by shooting himself in the heart.

1995 – 51 Pegasi becomes the first major star to be discovered, apart from the Sun, that has a planet (and extrasolar planet) orbiting it.


1879 – Joe Hill is born in Gefle, Sweden.

1968 – Thom Yorke, singer with the UK band Radiohead, is born.

1985 – The Mediterranean cruise ship Achille Lauro departs from Alexandria and is hijacked on the same day.

2000 – England’s national football stadium, Wembley, sees its last competitive match before being demolished, rebuilt and re-opened in 2007. England lost 1:0 to Germany.


1944 – In World War II, the Battle of Crucifix Hill begins just outside Aachen, Germany. The US troops win.

1952 – 114 people die and 340 are injured in the worst London rail disaster to date, at Harrow & Wealdstowe when an express train coming from Perth crashes into the back of a local train.

1967 – Cuba’s revolutionary Che Guevara is captured by the Bolivian army.

2005 – The Kashmir earthquake hits Pakistan.


1937 – Actor Brian Blessed is born in Mexborough, Yorkshire.

1973 – Elvis and Priscilla Presley are divorced.

1940 – In World War II, St Paul’s Cathedral in London, England, is hit by a bomb in a nighttime air raid by the German Luftwaffe.

1967 – Che Guevara, the Argentine revolutionary and guerilla leader, is executed.

2006 – North Korea tests its first nuclear device, allegedly.


1923 – Commentator Extraor… is born in Birmingham.

1973 – US Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns after charges of tax evasion.

1969 – King Crimson release their debut album, In the Court of the Crimson King, considered by many to be the first progressive rock album.

1971 – London Bridge, having been sold, dismantled and moved from England to the United States, reopens in Lake Havasu City, Arizona.

2004 – Actor Christopher Reeve dies from heart failure.


1811 – The HMS Pomone shipwrecks near the Isle of Wight because of human error.

1954 – In the First Indochina War, the Viet Minh take control of North Vietnam.

1957 – Celebrated comedienne and actress Dawn French is born in Holyhead, Wales.

1982 – The Mary Rose, a Tudor gunship that sunk in 1545, is raised from the sea bed in the Solent Channel, near Portsmouth, UK.

1984 – Three people are killed and 17 injured in a London rail disaster when two trains collide just south of Wembley Central station.


1492 – Christopher Columbus ‘discovers’ America.

1875 – Aleister Crowley, the English occultist and author, is born (d. 1947).

1940 – During the London Air Raid, seven people die when a World War 2 bomb hits the Trafalgar Square station of the London Underground.

1994 – NASA loses radio contact with the Magellan spacecraft as the probe descends into the thick atmosphere of Venus.

1997 – US singer/songwriter John Denver dies in an air crash near Pacific Grove, California, when he was piloting his Rutan Long EZ.


1307 – Simultaneous arrests of Knights Templars all across France.

1660 – General Thomas Harrison, having played an incriminating role in the execution of King Charles I, is executed at Charing Cross.

1884 – Greenwich, London, is established as the universal time meridian of longitude.

1908 – Suffragettes, led by Emmeline Pankhurst attempt to storm the British Parliament.

1940 – During the London Air Raid, highly explosive World War 2 bombs hit the Paddington Praed street station of the London Underground.

1972 – The ‘Old Christians’ rugby team of Stella Maris College, Montevideo, Uruguay is caught up in an air crash, when their plane crashes into a remote snow-covered area in the Andes. It’s a Friday 13th.

1990 – Syrian forces remove general Michel Aoun from the presidential palace and effectively end the war in the Lebanon.


1066 – William the Conqueror invades Britain in the Battle of Hastings.

1644 – William Penn, the English founder of Pennsylvania, USA, is born.

1890 – President Dwight D Eisenhower is born in Denison, Texas.

1940 – During the London Air Raid, 68 people die when a World War 2 bomb destroys the road above one of the London Underground Northern Line platforms at Balham.

1999 – Irish Tenor Josef Locke dies aged 82.

1977 – Singer and Actor Bing Crosby dies from a heart attack during a golfing holiday to Madrid.

1981 – Amnesty International charges the USA government with holding Richard Marshall of the American Indian Movement as a political prisoner, citing official misconduct in the investigation and trial.


1881 – Writer PG Wodehouse is born.

1946 – At the Nuremberg Trials, the Nazi Hermann Göring poisons himself the night before his execution.

1948 – Singer/Songwriter Chris de Burgh is born in Argentina.

1951 – The Mexican chemist Luis Miramontes creates the first oral contraceptive.

1967 – In an attempt to exorcise it of evil spirits, 50,000 demonstrators try to levitate the Pentagon.

16 17

1781 – General Cornwallis orders the British troups to surrender to the US in the American Revolutionary War.

1931 – The US gangster Al Capone is convicted of income tax evasion.

2000 – Four people are killed and 70 are injured in a London rail disaster at Hatfield when an express train derails due to a broken track.

2003 – An eastbound Piccadilly line London Underground train derails just after calling at Hammersmith station, due to a broken track section.

2007 – The Dalai Lama receives the USA’s congressional gold medal.


1016 – The Danes defeat the Saxons at the Battle of Ashingdon.

1867 – Alaska is acquired by USA from Russia.

1904 – Gustav Mahler’s purely instrumental 5th Symphony premieres in Cologne, Germany.

1926 – Rock’n’Roll pioneer Charles Edward Anderson Berry, better known as Chuck Berry, is born in St Louis, Missouri as one of six children, two older and three younger.

1931 – Thomas Edison, the US inventor, dies.

2000 – British comedian Ivan Owen dies.


1216 – King John of England dies.

1453 – The French recapture Bordeaux, bringing the Hundred Years’ War to a close, with the English retaining only Calais on French soil.

1911 – Eugene Ely loses his life in an air crash during a demonstration flight with his Wright Flyer at the Georgia State Fair.

1940 – First recorded snowfall in Pennsyl…, USA.

1986 – Mozambique’s political leader Samora Machel dies in an air crash returning from a congress in Zambia approaching Maputo airport.

1991 – Oasis play their first live gig at the Manchester Boardwalk.

2003 – Beatification of Mother Theresa.


1953 – US Musician Tom Petty is born in Gainsville, Florida.

1968 – Former US first lady Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis.

1971 – The Nepal stock exchange collapses.

1977 – Three band members of the band Lynyrd Skynyrd, undisputed kings of Southern Rock, die in an air crash near Gillsburg, Mississippi.


1805 – Admiral Nelson defeats the French and Spanish fleets in the Battle of Trafalgar.

1879 – Using a filament of carbonized thread, Thomas Edison tests the first practical electric incandescent light bulb (it lasted 13˝ hours before burning out).

1966 – 144 people die, mostly children, in the Aberfan Disaster.

1833 – Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize, is born (d. 1896).

1989 – The first collection of ‘Dilbert’ books is published.


1797 – From 1,000 metres (3,200 feet) above Paris, France, André-Jacques Garnerin makes the first recorded parachute jump.

1878 – The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, UK, between Broughton and Swinton.

1969 – Led Zeppelin’s ‘Whole Lotta Love’ is released.

1996 – Insurance tycoon and sponsor of the London football club Chelsea Matthew Harding dies in an air crash when his helicopter crashes near Middlewich, Cheshire.


1642 – During the English Civil War, Oliver Cromwell’s army fights the Royalists of Charles I in the Battle of Edge Hill.

1940 – Pelé, the legendary Brazilian footballer, is born.

1956 – The Budapest protests against the Russian occupation begin.

1982 – TV show Star Fleet first airs in the UK.

2001 – The first Apple iPod is announced.

2004 – A powerful earthquake hits Niigata, northern Japan, killing 35 people, injuring 2,200, and leaving 85,000 homeless or evacuated.


1601 – Danish astronomer (also alchemist, astrologer, elk-owner, prosthetic nose-wearer and nobleman) Tycho Brahe dies from an infection of his bladder.

1857 – Sheffield FC becomes the world’s first football club, in Sheffield, England.

1947 – 32 People are killed in a London rail disaster at South Croydon due to human error.

1961 – During the Cuban Missile Crisis, President Kennedy announces the blockade of Cuba.

1995 – A total solar eclipse is visible from Iran, India, Thailand, and other parts of South-east Asia.


1415 – Henry V of England’s army defeats the French at the Battle of Agincourt.

1875 – Tchaikovsky’s Piano… premieres in Boston, during Hans von Bülow’s American Tour.

1951 – The Panmunjom peace talks begin, which eventually leads to the end of the Korean War.

1955 – The Japanese girl Sadako dies aged 12, leaving the legacy of peace cranes.

1999 – US golfer Payne Steward, known for his flamboyant dress sense, dies in an air crash near Aberdeen, South Dakota.

2001 – Microsoft’s Windows XP becames available.


899 – Alfred the Great, king of Wessex, dies.

1783 – Mozart’s Mass in C …, considered such a great musical work that it is called the ‘Great Mass’, is first performed.

1905 – Norway gains independence from Sweden.

1956 – As an answer to the Hungarian Uprising, Soviet tanks are sent into Budapest.

2004 – Respected radio DJ and champion of new music for over 30 years John Peel dies at the age of 64.


1914 – Welsh poet Dylan Thomas is born in Swansea, South Wales.

1954 – TV show ‘Disneyland’ is first broadcast, featuring The Ballad of Davy Crockett.

1984 – Kelly Osbourne, the British celebrity daughter of rocker Ozzy Osbourne, is born.

2002 – The ITV television network stops airing a constant regional service in England and Wales. The national ITV1 is formed, with regional references only before regional programmes.


1347 – The first documented Great Peal of Bells in Frankfurt, Germany takes place in honour of the then recently deceased Louis IV of Bavaria, Holy Roman Emperor.

1949 – French virtuose violonist Ginette Neveu dies in an air crash when her Air France Lockheed Constellation crashes into a mountainside while approaching San Miguel Island in the Azores.

1971 – UK satellite Prospero is launched into a polar orbit.

1982 – The Socialist Workers’ Party wins the Spanish elections, leading to the first Socialist government after the death of Franco.

1998 – The British poet Ted Hughes dies (b. 1930).


1891 – Comedienne Fanny Brice is born Fania Borach to Hungarian Jewish immigrant parents on the Lower East Side in New York.

1956 – During the Suez Crisis, Israel invades Egypt.

1956 – The Tangiers Protocol is signed, reintegrated the city of Tangiers into Morocco.

2005 – Bomb blasts in Delhi, India, kill more than 60 people.


1485 – The coronation of King Henry VII takes place.

1883 – The first ever terror attack happens on the London Underground when a bomb explodes between Charing Cross and Westminster stations, and a second explosion follows at Paddington Praed Street, injuring over 60 people.

1944 – Anne Frank and sister, Margot, are deported from Auschwitz to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.

1946 – The first episode of one of the first ever children’s TV shows Muffin the Mule is aired.

1960 – Football legend Diego Armando Maradona is born in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

1960 – Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the UK, at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.


Every Year – On the day before All Saints Day, Halloween is celebrated in many countries worldwide.

1892 – Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes .

1940 – The Battle of Britain ends, with the UK preventing a German invasion.

1963 – Johnny Marr, best known as guitarist with The Smiths, is born.

1968 – President Johnson announces a complete halt of US bombing of North Vietnam.

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